NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1923 __ Entertainment Broadcasting Network
Comment : In December 1923, two months after the first Berlin broadcast, Postal Minister Dr. Höfle, a member of the centrist party, listed (in order of increasing importance) the three tasks of the "Entertainment Broadcasting Network": 1) Wireless music, lectures etc. are to provide the general public with quality entertainment and education. 2) It is to be a new and important source of national revenue. 3) The new installations are to provide a convenient means for the nation and the states to convey whenever necessary official information to the public at large; the latter may be of importance with regard to state security. In the interest of state security it is necessary to ensure that only those citizens own and operate equipment who have secured an official license to operate radio stations, and that, in addition, owners of radio equipment only record that which is intended for them. (Friedrich Kittler)
Source : Kittler, Friedrich A. (1986), “Grammophon Film Typewriter”, Berlin: Brinkmann & Bose; and also, “Gramophone, Film, Typewriter”, translated by Geoff Winthrop-Young and Michael Wutz, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
Source : Bredow, Hans (1950), “Im Banne der Ätherwellen”, Vol. I, Stuttgart, 1950.
Urls : http://www.stanford.edu/class/history34q/readings/Kittler/GramFilmTypwriter/Kittler_Gramophone.html (last visited )

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