NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

ca 1300 __ Shishi Odoshi
Comment : Of a wide sense, Shishi Odoshi generally means the Japanese devices that is made to threaten and send away the birds and beasts damaging agriculture). Sōzu (そうず, 添水) is a water fountain used in Japanese gardens [a traditional device found in Japanese gardens; composed of a bamboo tube that when filled with water revolves to empty and makes a clanking sound]. Usually made of bamboo, it contains one or more uprights with a hollow pivoting arm attached into which water pours from a tube or pipe above it. When the arm gets full, the weight of the water causes it to tip over and empty, making a sharp sound when it hits a hard surface below it. This noise is intended to startle any deer which may be grazing on the plants in the garden. The empty arm is then free to swing back up into position and refill. The rhythmic clacking sound among the garden with sounds of silence of Japanese style, reminds visitors to the garden of the passage of time. Although simple in design, it is highly effective, and safer than most modern deer repellers. General Shishi Odoshi, kind of traditional instrument, decorates Japanese garden, breaking quietness by the sound of seesaw movement with one end of bamboo hit the stone. A fuurin is a small Japanese windchime, traditionally hung from the eaves of a house or tree branches. Let light breezes sound them. In the stifling summer heat, a jingle from these bells mean cool breezes. It's a small bell of metal, glass, bamboo or pottery that is hung under the eaves and tinkles when moved by a breeze. It create an atmosphere of summertime in Japan.A suikinkutsu (水琴窟[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:Installing_Japanese_character_sets ?], literally "water koto cave") is a type of Japanese garden ornament and music device. It consists of an upside down buried pot with a hole at the top. Water drips through the hole at the top onto a small pool of water inside of the pot, creating a pleasant splashing sound that rings inside of the pot similar to a bell or a Japanese zither called koto. It is usually built next to a traditional Japanese stone basin called chozubachi, part of a tsukubai for washing hands before the Japanese tea ceremony. (Compiled from various sources)
French comment : La mise en place de dispositifs produisant des phénomènes sonores dans une échelle temporelle distendue, n’est pas limitée à l’utilisation de l’électricité : ainsi les traditionnels fuurin (carillons à vent) et les shishi-odoshi (idiophones de bambou actionnés par les cours d’eau) que l’on trouve dans les jardins japonais fonctionnent sur le principe d’une écoute éparse, distendue. (Yannick Dauby)Un sôzu (そうず ou 添水) est une fontaine, généralement en bambou, utilisée dans les jardins japonais. C'est une variante de shishi odoshi (ししおどし ou 鹿威し), littéralement : « Epouvantail de daim. » Le bruit produit par l'ustensile est en fait destiné à tenir éloignés des plantations tous les animaux pouvant les endommager. Le shishi-odoshi, 獅子脅し (chasse cerf), est un élément utilisé aux abords des forêts qui par son bruit régulier et saisissant fait peur au gibier. Le chaume se remplit d'eau qui s'accumule dans le premier segment. Le poids augmente et fait basculer la tige qui se vide alors. En reprennant sa place initiale la tige heurte la pierre et produit un claquement souvent sec qui peut servir à l'agrément et à la répulsion des prédateurs. (compiled from various sources)
Source : Dauby, Yannick (2004), “Paysages Sonores Partagés”, Mémoire DEA Master Arts Numériques, EESI Angoulême, Université de Poitiers.
Source : Pigeaud, Jackie & Barbe, Jean-Paul (2001), “Histoires de jardins: lieux et imaginaire”, Paris : Presses Universitaires de France P.U.F.
Urls : http://kalerne.net/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=52&Itemid=49 (last visited ) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhtD7quyrZ0 (last visited ) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPLln0t_q4s (last visited ) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EnD_nH2syeE (last visited ) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BIZS-Ijwnc (last visited )

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