NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1921 __ Photokinema sound-on-disc system
Orlando Kellum (?-?)
Comment : The Photokinema sound-on-disc system was developed by Orlando Kellum, and was employed to add synchronized sound sequences to D. W. Griffith's failed silent film "Dream Street". A love song, performed by star Ralph Graves, was recorded, as was a sequence of live vocal effects. Apparently, dialogue scenes were also recorded, but the results were unsatisfactory and the film was never publicly screened incorporating them. On May 1, 1921, Dream Street was re-released, with love song added, at New York City's Town Hall theater, qualifying it.however haphazardly.as the first feature-length film with a live-recorded vocal sequence. There would be no others for more than six years. In sound-on-disc technology from the era, a phonograph turntable is connected by a mechanical interlock to a specially modified film projector, allowing for synchronization. The sound discs themselves were 16-inch, optically printed phonographic records, such as used in the Vitaphone. While this system failed to win wide support in the film industry, it did pave the way for sound-on-disc music instruments, such as the Lichttonorgel and the ANS. (Compiled from various sources, quoted by Derek Holzer)
French comment : Orlando Kellum était un inventeur du XXe siècle, surtout connu pour son invention servant au cinéma sonore : le Photokinema, en 1921. Son but était de créer une synchronisation du son avec l'image, en enregistrant le son sur un disque. Son procédé fut cependant peu utilisé, seul le réalisateur D. W. Griffith en fera une utilisation relativement notable. (Compiled from various sources)
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