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1920 __ XWA Montreal
Comment : First regular broadcasts begin from Montreal, Canada. The first station to broadcast in Canada was XWA in Montreal (later called VE9AM, CFCF, then CIQC). The second station appears to have been CJCE, Vancouver, BC, opened March 14, 1922. (Barry Mishkind, “The Broadcast Archives”, [http://www.oldradio.com/ www.oldradio.com])The honour of making the first Canadian broadcast belongs, we believe, to the Canadian Marconi station XWA, Montreal, whose early activities are described in another article accompanied by the reproduction of a descriptive article from Montreal Daily Star, of May 21, 1920. Second honours appear to rest with station 4 A I I, Winnipeg, operated by L. V. Salton, now manager of the T. Eaton Company radio office, Winnipeg. Mr. Salton writes: "My own station was, I believe second in Canada and undoubtedly the first in Western Canada. It first went on the air Feb. of 1921 under the call letters of 4AII until soon after standard broadcasting licences were issued and the call changed to CKZC. It was two or three months later before any kind of a regular broadcasting schedule was inaugurated. Later in the year my company, (Salton Radio Engineering Co.) received the Winnipeg Free contract to build a station for them and until this station was completed in May, 1922, my own station CKZC broadcasted alternately under my own call letters and those of the Free Press, CJCG. Thus, although the Free Press was actually on the air considerably in advance of the Winnipeg Tribune, the two newspapers started broadcasting from their own stations almost simultaneously in May, 1922. It might be of interest to you to note that what was considered to be the first public broadcast in the world from a moving vehicle, took place in Canada. I am forwarding a photo from my files, which I would like returned, which illustrates this event. Early in May, 1922, I put the Free Press' own station on the air and equipped my car with a portable broadcasting and receiving station. About a week later, still in May, 1922, Miss Louise Lovely, a Hollywood Moving Picture Star, was making a personal appearance in Winnipeg and it was arranged that she would make this world's premiere broadcast, while I drove the car around the streets of Winnipeg. In the photo you will notice the front of a car immediately following and there was another immediately preceding my car, and these two cars carried the Pathe and Fox newsreel cameramen respectively, who recorded the event which was shown to world wide coverage. The broadcast consisted of a short two-way conversation between this portable station and the Free Press station, to be followed by a straight broadcast from the car (of course in motion all the time), and later a follow-up broadcast from the Free Press station. Incidentally if you would like to verify the date, you might notice that the licence plate on the front of my car is a Manitoba 1922 plate." The radio editor of the Winnipeg Tribune writes: "The first radio broadcasting station in the modern acceptance of the word, that is, for entertainment, was opened by The Winnipeg Tribune, April 17, 1922. It continued in operation until March 9, 1923, when it surrendered its franchise to the Manitoba Telephone System Station, CKY, which is still in operation. Its manager was Donald Bankart, (now advertising manager Northern Electric Co. Ltd., Montreal). It was a Marconi, installed by L. Stanley Payne. It tried, unsuccessfully, to contact the High River, Alta., station, a distance of 600 miles. CJNC was a station opened on May 3, 1922, by the Canadian National Railways. This station continued until the Bennett regime, and its major business was to provide programmes to entertain in railway passengers in Pullman cars.". (WESTON WRIGLEY, “EARLY CANADIAN BROADCASTING RECORDS”, from the October 1941 issue of Canadian Radio Data Book)
Urls : http://www.hammondmuseumofradio.org/early-lic.html (last visited ) http://www.hammondmuseumofradio.org/broadcast.html (last visited )

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