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ca 1200 __ HEAR - LISTEN - AUDIO — Etymology
Comment : HEAR : Old English (O.E.) heran (Anglian), (ge)hieran, hyran (W.Saxon), from Proto-Germanic (P.Gmc). *khauzjianan (cf. Old Norse (O.N.) hegra, Old Frisian (O.Fris.) hora, Dutch (Du.) horen, German (Ger.) hören, Gothic (Goth.) hausjan), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European (PIE) base *(s)keu- "to notice, observe." Spelling difference between hear and here developed 1200-1550. Hearing "listening to evidence in a court of law" is from 1576; hearsay is 1532 from phrase to hear say. O.E. also had the excellent adj. hiersum "ready to hear, obedient," lit. "hear-some" with suffix from handsome, etc. Hear, hear! (1689) was originally imperative, used as an exclamation to call attention to a speaker's words; now a general cheer of approval. Originally it was hear him!.OVERHEAR : "to hear what one is not meant to hear," 1549, from over + hear (quo vide q.v.). The notion is perhaps "to hear beyond the intended range of the voice." O.E. oferhieran meant "to not listen, to disregard, disobey" (cf. overlook, and Middle High German (M.H.G.) überhaeren, Middle Dutch (M.Du.) overhoren in same sense).LISTEN : O.E. hlysnan "to listen," from P.Gmc. *khlusinon (cf. Old High German (O.H.G.) hlosen "to listen," Ger. lauschen "to listen"), from PIE base *kleu- "hearing, to hear" (cf. Sanskrit (Skt.) srnoti "hears," srosati "hears, obeys;" Avestan sraothra "ear;" Middle Persian (M.Pers.) srod "hearing, sound;" Lithuanian (Lith.) klausau "to hear," slove "splendor, honor;" Old Church Slavonic (O.C.S.) slusati "to hear," slava "fame, glory," slovo "word;" Greek (Gk.) klyo "hear, be called," kleos "report, rumor, fame glory," kleio "make famous;" Latin (L.) cluere "to hear oneself called, be spoken of;" Old Irish (O.Ir.) ro-clui-nethar "hears," clunim "I hear," clu "fame, glory," cluada "ears;" Welsh clywaf "I hear;" O.E. hlud "loud," hleoðor "tone, tune;" O.H.G. hlut "sound;" Goth. hiluþ "listening, attention"). The -t- probably is by influence of O.E. hlystan (see list).DOUBLE-ENTENDRE : 1673, from French (Fr.) (where it was rare and is now obsolete), lit. "a twofold meaning," from entendre (now entente) "to hear, to understand, to mean.".MISHEAR : O.E. mishieran "to disobey;" see mis- (1) + hear. Sense of "to hear incorrectly" first recorded c.1225.AUDIT : 1431, from L. auditus "a hearing," pp. of audire "hear" (see audience). Official examination of accounts, which were originally oral. The verb is attested from 1557.AUDITION : 1599, "power of hearing," from Middle French (M.Fr.) audicion, from L. auditionem (nom. auditio), pp. of audire "hear" (see audience). Meaning "trial for a performer" first recorded 1881; the verb in this sense is 1935, from the noun.HARK : c.1175, from O.E. *heorcian (related to hearken), an intensive form from base of hieran (see hear). To hark back (1829) originally refers to hounds returning along a track when the scent has been lost, till they find it again.AUDITORIUM : 1727, from L. auditorium "lecture room," lit. "place where something is heard," neuter of auditorius (adj.) "of or for hearing," from auditor "a listener," from audire "to hear" (see audience).SENTINEL : 1579, from M.Fr. sentinelle, from It. sentinella, perhaps (via a notion of "perceive, watch"), from sentire "to hear, perceive," from L. senire "feel" (see sense).AUDIO : "sound, especially recorded or transmitted," 1934, abstracted from prefix audio- (in audio-frequency, 1919, etc.), from L. audire "hear" (see audience). First used in Eng. as a prefix 1913; audiophile first attested 1951.AUDITOR : 1377, "a listener," from Anglo-Fr. auditour (Fr. auditeur; O.Fr. oeor), from L. auditor "a hearer," from audire "to hear" (see audience). Meaning "receiver and examiner of accounts" (1377) is because this process formerly was done, and vouched for, orally.AUDIBLE : 1529, from M.Fr. audible, from Late Latin (L.L.) audibilis, from L. audire "to hear," from PIE *awis-dh-yo-, from base *au- "to perceive" (see audience). Audibly is recorded from 1635.UNHEARD : c.1300 "not detected by sense of hearing," from un- (1) "not" + pp. of hear. Meaning "unknown, new" is attested from c.1375 (O.E. had ungehered in this sense). Usually with of since 1592. Cf. Old Norse (O.N.) oheyrðr, Dan. uhørt, M.Du. ongehoort, O.H.G. ungehoret.OYER : 1432, "a hearing of causes," from Anglo-Fr. oyer, from O.Fr. oir, from L. audire "to hear" (see audience). Especially in phrase oyer and terminer (1414), from Anglo-Fr. (1278), lit. "a hearing and determining," in England a court of judges of assize, in U.S. a higher criminal court.AUDIENCE : c.1374, "the action of hearing," from O.Fr. audience, from L. audentia "a hearing, listening," from audientum (nom. audiens), prp. of audire "to hear," from PIE compound *au-dh- "to perceive physically, grasp," from base *au- "to perceive" (cf. Gk. aisthanesthai "to feel"). Meaning "formal hearing or reception" is from 1377; that of "persons within hearing range, assembly of listeners" is from 1407. Sense transferred 1855 to "readers of a book." Audience-participation (adj.) first recorded 1940.LOUD : O.E. hlud "making noise, sonorous," from West Germanic (W.Gmc.) *khluthaz "heard" (cf. Old Frisian (O.Fris.) hlud, M.Du. luut, Du. luid, O.H.G. hlut, Ger. laut "loud"), from PIE pp. *klutos- (cf. Skt. srutah, Gk. klytos "heard of, celebrated," Armenian (Arm.) lu "known," Welsh clod "praise"), from base *kleu- "to hear" (see listen). The adv. is from O.E. hlude, from P.Gmc. *khludai. Application to colors first recorded 1849. Loudmouth (n.) first recorded 1934. Loudspeaker is from 1884.SCOUT : c.1300, from Old French (O.Fr.) escouter "to listen, heed" (Mod.Fr. écouter), from L. auscultare "to listen to, give heed to." Noun meaning "person who scouts" first attested 1555. Boy Scout is from 1908.OBEY : c.1290, from O.Fr. obeir, from L. oboedire "obey, pay attention to, give ear," lit. "listen to," from ob "to" + audire "listen, hear" (see audience). Same sense development is in cognate O.E. hiersumnian.AUSCULTATE : "to listen" (especially with a stethoscope), 1833 (in auscultator), from L. auscultat-, pp. stem of auscultare "to listen to," from aus-, from auris "ear" (see ear (1)); "the rest is doubtful" [Oxford English Dictionary OED]. Auscultation "act of listening" is from 1634; medical sense is from 1833.UMLAUT : 1852, from Ger., "change of sound," from um "about" (see ambi-) + laut "sound," from O.H.G. hlut (see listen). Coined 1774 by poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1724-1803) but first used in its current sense 1819 by linguist Jakob Grimm (1785-1863).ABLAUT : vowel gradation, 1849, from Ger. Ablaut, lit. "off-sound," coined by J.P. Zweigel in 1568 from ab "off" + Laut "sound, tone," from O.H.G. hlut (see listen). Popularized by Jacob Grimm.LIST : "hear, hearken," now poetic or obsolete, from O.E. hlystan "hear, hearken," from hlyst "hearing," from P.Gmc. *khlustiz, from PIE *kleu- "to hear" (see listen).TAP : "stopper, faucet," O.E. tæppa, from P.Gmc. *tappon (cf. M.Du. tappe, Du. tap, O.H.G. zapfo, Ger. zapfen). Originally a tapering cylindrical peg (hence taproot, 1601). Meaning "device to listen in secretly on telephone calls" is from 1923, from the verb in this sense, originally (1869) with ref. to telegraph wires. Phrase on tap "ready for use" is recorded from 1483. The verb meaning "to supply with a tap" is from O.E. tæppian. Extended sense of "make use of" is first recorded 1575. Tap-room is from 1807. Tapped out "broke" is 1940s slang, perhaps from the notion of having tapped all one's acquaintances for loans already (cf. British slang on the tap "begging, making requests for loans," 1932). (Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001)
Urls : http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=Hear&searchmode=none (last visited )

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