1918 __ Fourteen Points — New Brunswick Marconi Station
‣ Comment : New Brunswick Marconi Station (40.51529° N 74.48895° W) was located at JFK Boulevard and Easton Avenue just a few minutes from the New Brunswick border in Somerset, New Jersey. Ground was broken for the site on April 9, 1913 by the American Marconi Wireless Corporation. The station was completed in 1914. After the partial failure of transatlantic telegraph cables, the facility was confiscated by the United States Navy on April 7, 1917 to provide transatlantic communications during World War I. The New Brunswick Naval Radio Station was the principal wartime communication link between the United States and Europe, using the callsign NFF. President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points speech was transmitted to Europe from the New Brunswick Marconi Station in 1918. (In January 8, 1918 President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points speech was keyed in Belmar for transmission by New Brunswick to Germany. In September 1918 Wilson's appeal for the abdication or overthrow of Kaiser Wilhelm II was sent also.). (Compiled from various sources) — Guglielmo Marconi transmits from New Brunswick, New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson’s ultimatum to Germany bringing World War I to an end. The 200 kW transmitter was designed and built by Dr. Ernst Alexanderson. (Barry Mishkind, “The Broadcast Archives”, [http://www.oldradio.com/ www.oldradio.com]) — When the United States entered the war in 1917 the stations were taken over completely by the navy. The navy installed a more powerful transmitter in the New Brunswick Marconi Station, and that station became the government's key overseas communications link during and after the war. In 1918, President Wilson's "Fourteen Points" speech was transmitted to Europe from the New Brunswick Marconi Station. (Maxine Lurie & Marc Mappen)
‣ Source : Lurie, Maxine N. & Mappen, Marc (2004), "Encyclopedia of New Jersey", Rutgers University Press, p. 671.
‣ Urls : http://www.oldradio.com/ (last visited ) http://www.infoage.org/html/Belmar14.html (last visited ) http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/President_Wilson's_Fourteen_Points (last visited )
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