NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1914 __ Radio during the Great War
Comment : While the Great War against Germany began in Europe, prior to U.S. entry into World War I in April 1917, by order of the Chief Radio Inspector of the US Navy, the Secretary of Commerce ordered that all amateurs and other non-government radio stations shut down. The message sent to all stations asked them that all transmitting and receiving stations had to be closed and disassembled, and all antennas taken down in order to no more render operating any transmitter or receiver. Complete radio silence was to remain until the war ended and the order was revoked. So amateurs by the thousands packed away their stations. The fact that amateurs were trained radio operators didn't go unnoticed - Maxim made all for this ! - and some 4000 hams marched off to war. More than ever the word "service" has to be emphasized. Not only hams represent a joined community but there are also of service to the public and to the nation, whatever circumstances. In a few months the 200-meter band was silent. In September 1917, with no radio activity permitted and over 80% of the amateurs at war, QST ceased publication. [...] In the occupied Europe and until the begin of '20s, radio transmissions were prohibited. However, many undeground stations continue to transmit, and civilians, taking refuge in their cellar or in their attic, continue to listen at the radio too, like they did again during WW II. The only difference, these first "pirates" stations, unlicensed, were only know by their call, to name among the first belgian stations B7, D2, K2, P2, W2, etc. Anonymity prevailed. (Thierry Lombry, “The History of Amateur Radio”)
Urls : http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/qsl-ham-history5.htm (last visited )

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