NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1913 __ ARES
Comment : In March 1913, a severe windstorm knocked out power, telegraph and telephone lines in the US midwest, forcing the population to support a blackout during a few weeks. Thanks to battery powered, amateur stations handled routine and emergency traffic until regular service was restored. This was the first documented emergency communications in amateur radio history. The U.S.A., due to their large population, where the first country considering that radio amateurs, able to install communications means in less than a quarter, could also be used to service the nation in case of disaster (hurricane, severe weather, etc) and other emergency situations. Although this idea was adopted by most other countries in their regulation, it was transformed in the U.S.A. in true networks of volunteers to name ARES (Amateur Radio Emergency Service) and MARS (Military Affiliate Radio System) among others. Today this is still one of the scarce country having developed such emergency networks that all work together with the local and national authorities. Every month QST remind us how active could be these amateur networks through their respective local section activities, contests and other field experience. Today and for several decades, in United Kingdom, France, Germany or Belgium the emergency services (Red Cross) work in collaboration with amateurs too. These network are not as developed as in the U.S.A. but amateurs provide the authorities with some radiolocation facilities like APRS for example to locate the teams or ambulances in the field. (Thierry Lombry, “The History of Amateur Radio”)14 avril 1912 : Le Titanic percute un iceberg au Sud de Terre-Neuve. La situation est désespérée pour les 2358 passagers qu'il transporte. Le paquebot envoie immédiatement des messages de détresse par TSF et notamment un S.O.S. en morse qui sera reçu depuis la terre et sur d'autres navires, malheureusement trop éloignés. Les secours arriveront trop tard, mais permettront néanmoins de sauver 711 vies humaines. Sans la TSF, il est probable qu'il n'y aurait eu aucun survivant et que personne n'aurait jamais su ce qu'il était advenu de ce paquebot de croisière. (Jean-Marc Printz)
Urls : http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/qsl-ham-history5.htm (last visited )

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