NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

ca 976 __ Homing pigeons
Comment : Nizar Abu Mansur al-Aziz, the caliph (975-996) of North Africa, has cherries grown in Baalbek, Lebanon delivered to him in Cairo, Egypt by 600 homing pigeons each with a small silk bag containing a cherry attached to its leg (James and Thorpe 1994 : 526, cited in Sterling & Kadrey 1999, note 04.1). A pigeon can fly 60-100 kms/hr at over distances of up to 800 km (500 mi) or more. It can navigate both during day and night, and feed itself during the travel (PWN 1966b:771, Grolier 1993).
Source : James, Peter and Thorpe, Nick (1994), “Ancient Inventions”, New York: Ballantine Books. NYU - Department of Media, Culture and Communication, p.526.
Source : Ciolek, T. Matthew (2000), “Global Networking: a Timeline”, electronic publication, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, 2000.
Urls : http://www.ciolek.com/GLOBAL/early.html (last visited )

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