NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1910 __ Eidoloscope
Eugene A. Lauste (1857-1935)
Comment : Eugene A. Lauste was born in Paris in 1857, worked at Edison's Orange N.J. lab 1887-1892 under W.K.L. Dickson, joined Major Woodville Latham 1894 to develop the Eidoloscope, a wide film projector that used the Latham loop, first exhibited publicly in May 1894 in New York. While working for Edison, Lauste read a Scientific American 1881 article about Bell's Photophone and sought to use this method to record sound on 35mm motion picture film. He applied for a patent in England on Aug. 11, 1906, and granted in 1910, for a "new and improved method of and means for simultaneously recording and reproducing movements and sounds." (Fielding p. 173). His first device used a mechanical grate, then mirrors, and by 1910 developed a light gate of a vibrating silicon wire between two magnets. Lauste made many sound films 1910-1914, but was halted by the war. (Steven E. Schoenherr, "Motion Picture Sound 1910-1929", 1999)French-born, London-based Eugene Lauste (1857-1935) - who had worked at Edison's lab between 1886 and 1892 - was awarded the first patent for sound-on-film technology, involving the transformation of sound into light waves that are photographically recorded direct onto celluloid. (Derek Holzer)
Urls : http://www.cahabahometheater.com/documents/information/motionpicturesound.pdf (last visited ) http://www.amps.net/newsletters/issue22/22_lauste.htm (last visited ) http://www.umatic.nl/tonewheels_historical.html (last visited )

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