NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1907 __ Opera by wireless transmission — the first music broadcasts
Lee de Forest (1873-1961)
Comment : The reality of the early radiotelephone development years did not include the broadcasting of music and information into homes using wireless. Controversy notwithstanding, de Forest began early and often to find public uses for his version of a Poulsen-like arc radiotelephone transmitter: "In 1906 he devoted his entire energy to the problem of wireless telephony. His first invention of importance was the use of the microphone in the earth connection, where it has been used in practically all (arc) wireless telephone transmitters ever since.". ("The Story of Lee de Forest," Electrical Experimenter, December, 1916, p 561. That Lee de Forest was both a promoter and a music lover led him and his arc radiotelephone into two areas; one is practical, a demonstration for the Navy, the other reflected h)A list of the first (music) broadcasts : 1) On Dec. 16, 1907, the first singer to broadcast was Eugenia H. Farrar, whose voice was broadcast by Lee De Forest from the Brooklyn Navy Yard on the occasion of the departure of Admiral Robley Dunglison Evans ("Fighting Bob Evans") on a cruise with the fleet; 2) In 1911, the New Jersey Telephone Herald operated a wired "radio" service in Newark for about 5000 subscribers; 3) In 1912, the experimental station at the University of Minnesota attempted to air football games using a spark transmitter and regular telegraph signals; 4) In 1916, 2ZK New Rochelle, New York, began broadcasting music regularly; 5) On Mar. 18, 1916, Harold Power broadcast a phonograph concert using the 1JJ call of the Tufts Wireless Club. The three-hour concerts during March were heard by ships at sea, various amateurs, and a Boston Globe reporter who was quite amazed to hear something other than Morse code; 6) In Nov. 1919, 1XE (WGI) Medford Hillside, Massachusetts, broadcast voice and music sporadically, once or twice a week; 7) In Mar. 1920, 1XE (WGI) began weekly Sunday afternoon classical music concerts; 8) May 20, 1920 was the first scheduled broadcast in North America, XWA (CFCF) Montreal. A concert by vocalist Dorothy Lutton was broadcast; 9) Then on August 20, 1920, one of the first commercial radio stations in the United States -- 8MK from Detroit -- began broadcasting. On that historic day, listeners tuned to their homemade sets and heard the following: "This is 8MK calling." That voice was followed by a program of recorded music emanating from the second floor of The Detroit News newspaper building at 622 West Lafayette in downtown Detroit. The station was known first as 8MK, then on October 21, 1921, it became WBL when it received its commercial license. It's name was changed finally to WWJ a few months later. (Count Guido Roberto Deiro)
French comment : Lee DE FOREST réalise une expérience réussie de transmission de la voix sans fil : celle de la cantatrice Géraldine Farrar depuis le Metropolitain Opera de New-York. Il multipliera ce genre d'expériences une demi-douzaine de fois par la suite, car il était grand amateur d'opéra. (Jean-Marc Printz)
Urls : http://www.leedeforest.org/awa.html (last visited ) http://www.guidodeiro.com/radio.html (last visited )

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