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1903 __ Telekine
Leonardo Torres Quevedo (1852-1936)
Comment : On June 10, 1903, Leonardo Torres Quevedo submitted an instance to the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Commerce and Public Works in Spain requesting the patent of a system called « Telekine » which was able to do a mechanical movement at distance. Torres Quevedo started to develop the idea of a remote control around 1901 or 1902, as a way of testing his airships without risking human lives. He was the first person to lay down the modern remote control operation principles, which he expressed in a prototype that he patented in 1903 under the name Telekine. This term came from two Greek words: tele (far away, in the distance) and kine (force, movement), resulting together in “movement at a distance,” which is basically what the inventor was trying to achieve. He carried out his first Telekine experiments a year later with a simple tricycle. He managed to make it go forward and backward, as well as change direction, by sending orders from a wireless telegraph transmitter from a distance of up to about 32 yd. (“Scanning the Past From Madrid: Leonardo Torres Quevedo, Antonio Perez Yuste and Magdalena Salazar Palma, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 93, No. 7, July 2005, pp. 1379-1382)
Urls : http://www.ieee.org/portal/cms_docs_iportals/iportals/aboutus/history_center/conferences/che2004/Yuste.pdf (last visited )

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