NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1902 __ First transatlantic transmission in an eastward direction
Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937)
Comment : In February, 1902, the SS Philadelphia sailed west from Great Britain with Guglielmo Marconi aboard, carefully recording signals sent daily from the Poldhu station. The test results produced coherer-tape reception up to 2,496 kilometres (1,551 miles), and audio reception up to 3,378 kilometres (2,099 miles). On 17 December 1902, a transmission from the Marconi station in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada, became the first radio message to cross the Atlantic in an eastward direction. (Compiled from various sources)One year after the memorable experience at Signal Hill, a commercial transatlantic service was initiated from Glace Bay, with a permanent coastal station linking Canada and England. Table Head was thus to become the bridgehead for wireless telegraphy in North America. On December 15, 1902 the first transatlantic wireless message was sent west to east to Cornwall, England. It said, "Have honour send through Times, inventors first wireless transatlantic message of greetings." Guglielmo Marconi was proving his theory that it was indeed possible to send a message across the ocean using electromagnetic waves instead of wires. Three months later, the London Times published its first transatlantic newscast transmitted by radio from the Glace Bay station. At first, wireless was used essentially for marine communications. The Marconi company rented equipments and supplied operators to ships. In 1903, Marconi's network comprised 45 coastal stations worldwide and three major stations (in the UK, the US and Canada, incl. the Glace Bay station). The first private radio messages were sent to Europe in October, 1907. (Cape Breton Museums Network)
Source : MacLeod, Mary K. (1985), "Whisper in the Air, Marconi: The Cape Breton Years, 1901-1945", Sydney: UCCB Press.
Source : Rens, Jean-Guy (1993), “L'Empire invisible. Histoire des télécommunications au Canada”, (2 vol.). Vol. 1, De 1846 à 1956. Presses de l'Université du Québec.
Urls : http://cbmuseums.tripod.com/id41.html (last visited )

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