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1902 __ « Care and Usage of Modern Speaking Machines (Phonograph, Graphophone and Gramophone) »
Alfred Parzer-Mühlbacher (?-?)
Comment : In 1902, in the first German monograph on "Care and Usage of Modern Speaking Machines (Phonograph, Graphophone and Gramophone)", Alfred Parzer-Mühlbacher promises that graphophones -- a Columbia brand name [...] -- will be able to build "archives and collections" for all possible "memories": Cherished loved ones, dear friends and famous individuals who have long since passed away will years later talk to us again with the same vividness and warmth, the wax cylinders transport us back in time to the happy days of youth --- we hear the speech of those who lived countless years before us, whom we never knew, and whose names were only handed down by history. (Friedrich Kittler)Alfred Parzer-Muhlbacher claims that the graphophone will create memory. (William Solomon)
Source : Kittler, Friedrich A. (1986), “Grammophon Film Typewriter”, Berlin: Brinkmann & Bose; and also, “Gramophone, Film, Typewriter”, translated by Geoff Winthrop-Young and Michael Wutz, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
Source : Parzer-Mühlbacher, Alfred (1902) "Etwas über die modernen Phonographenwalzen", Phonographische Zeitschrift, 3, pp. 317-319.
Source : Solomon, William (2001), "Disinterring Edward Dahlberg", Texas Studies in Literature and Language - Volume 43, Number 4, Winter 2001, pp. 389-417.
Urls : http://www.stanford.edu/class/history34q/readings/Kittler/GramFilmTypwriter/Kittler_Gramophone.html (last visited ) http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/library/data/lit38919? (last visited )

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