NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1895 __ Telegraph on River Amazon
Comment : THE AMAZON TELEGRAPH COMPANY.The Western & Brazilian Telegraph Company set up the Amazon Telegraph Company in 1895 to lay a cable up the River Amazon. A fifty-year concession was granted to the company by the Brazilian Government. Siemens Brothers were awarded the contract to manufacture and lay the cable. CS Faraday was used to lay the 1600 nm of cable between Para (Belem) and Manaos. The ship encountered many problems while laying, on one occasion being stranded on a sandbar for nine days. CS Viking was transferred from the Western and Brazilian and converted for repair work under the Amazon conditions. This ship was scrapped in 1901, and CS Viking then took over, joined in 1912 by CS Ramos. When the concession expired in 1945 all assets of the company were transferred to the Brazilian Government. (Bill Glover, "History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network - The Evolution of Cable & Wireless, Part 3", 2009)
Urls : http://atlantic-cable.com/CableCos/CandW/EATC/ (last visited )

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