1657 __ Frozen Words reference
‣ Comment : In Thomas Heywood's “General History of Women”, containing the “Lives of the most Holy and Profane, the most Famous and infamous in all ages, exactly described not only from Poetical Fictions, but from the most Ancient, Modern and Admired Historians, to our Times” (ed. 1657, Book VII, p. 442), among other "travellers' tales," we find the "frozen words" (London, printed by W.H. for W.H., 1657). The tale of adventures in distant fabulous countries also appears early in Greek literature, beginning with Homer's Odyssey; the Gilgamesh Epic furnishes an ancient Babylonian example of such descriptions of marvels and wonders witnessed in imaginary lands. The Sicilian Euhemerus (ca. 275) (Cr. T. S. Brown, "Euheineros and the Historians" (HTR 39  259-274).) in his “Sacred History”. — philosophical roman a these-relates that on the (imaginary) island of Panchaea in the Indian Ocean he found an inscription describing the activities of Greek gods (Uranus, Cronus, Zeus) when they were still rulers or conquerors, before they were worshiped as gods by their grateful subjects. This attempt to rationalize mythology, tracing religion to ancestor worship or the cult of the dead, was not new, but gained wide popularity through Eubernerus; it suggested to the author of “Wisdom of Solomon” (14:15-17) one of the ways in which idolatry began. journeys to fantastic places are also the subject of the novel on the “Hyperboreans” by Hecataeus of Abdera (ca. 290) and of those of Ammetus dealing with the Himalayas, the upper Nile, and Arabia. The most incredibly absurd tales, comparable to those of Baron Munchausen (“The fantastic tales about Baron Karl F. H. von Munchausen” (1720-1797) were written by R. E. Raspe, anonymous author of “Baron Munchausen's Narrative of his Marvelous Travels and Campaigns in Russia”, 1785.) are those of Antiphanes of Berge, who knows of a country so cold that a man's words froze in the autumn and were not heard until they thawed in the spring (see also Lucian of Samosata “True Story”, in the second century of our era (Vera historia 126 f.)). “Gulliver’s Travels”, the journeys to the heavenly spheres in Enoch, or to the moon in Jules Verne's “De la terre a la lune” (1865), some tales from the “Arabian Nights” (like that of “Sindbad the Sailor”), explorations of the abode of the dead like Dante's “Divine Comedy” (see A. Dieterich, Nekya: “Beitrage zur Erkldrung der neuentdeckten Petrus-Apokalypse”. Leipzig, 1893; 2nd ed., 1913) have all parallels and antecedents in Hellenistic fiction. According to E. Rohde (“Der Griechischer Roman”, 3rd ed., P. 295), Antonius Diogenes (probably first century of our era), in his novel “Wonders beyond Thule”, was one of the first to combine in his book erotic and fantastic elements and Photius seems to have regarded him as the first among the writers of Greek novels. (Robert H. Pfeiffer)
‣ Source : Source :'' ''Clouston, W.A. (1892), "Literary Coincidences; A Bookstall Bargain ; And other Papers", Glasgow : Morison Brothers, 99 Buchanan Street.
‣ Source : Pfeiffer, Robert H. (1949), "History of New Testament Times, With an Introduction to the Apocrypha — Part I: Judaism from 200 BCE to 200 CE", New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers.
‣ Urls : http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rs/rak/publics/notrak/Pfeiffer/part2.htm (last visited )
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