NMSAT :: Networked Music & SoundArt Timeline

1940 __ Gramophone simulations - World War II
Comment : "The RAF Coastal Command had approached the English-owned Decca Records Company with a secret and difficult assignment. Coastal Command wanted a training record to illustrate the differences between the sounds of German and British submarines. Such aural distinctions were extremely delicate, and to reproduce them accurately on a record called for a decided enlargement of the phonograph's capabilities. Intensive work under the supervision of Decca's chief engineer, Arthur Haddy, led to new recording techniques and the kind of record Coastal Command desired." But the enemy was not left standing behind. German records companies participated in the Battle of the Bulge. To avoid Allied suscipions when the Chief of Army Communications ordered a sudden radio silence for all areas of troop concentration south of the Cologne-Aachen line on November, 12, 1944, the enemy had to be fed simulated attack preparations at other parts of the front. The Army High Command's propaganda division developed special recordings for army loudspeakers, "which, among other things, simulated : tank noises, marching troops, departing and arriving trucks, the unloading of equipment, etc.". (Friedrich Kittler)
Source : Kittler, Friedrich A. (1986), “Grammophon Film Typewriter”, Berlin: Brinkmann & Bose; and also, “Gramophone, Film, Typewriter”, translated by Geoff Winthrop-Young and Michael Wutz, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999, pp. 99-100.
Urls : http://www.stanford.edu/class/history34q/readings/Kittler/GramFilmTypwriter/Kittler_Gramophone.html (last visited )

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