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1932 __ « New Horizons in Music »
Leopold Stokowski (Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) (1882-1977)
Comment : A prophetic address was given extemporaneously by the conductor Leopold Stokowski to a meeting of the Acoustical Society of America on 2 May 1932, entitled "New Horizons in Music". Stokowski, as a keen conductor of contemporary music, devoted much effort to bringing young composers into contact with as large a public as possible, and he appreciated the importance of establishing, even on a general level, a sustained dialogue between scientists and artists in an increasingly technological society. His address included not only a discussion of the artistic implications of the uses of technology as an aid to communication through the media of radio and the phonograph but also some interesting predictions regarding the future use of electronic synthesis devices as compositional tools. (Peter Manning, "Electronic and computer music")
Original excerpt : « Another vista [...] is opening out is for the composer, for the creator in music [...]. Our musical notation is utterly inadequate. It cannot by any means express all the possibilities of sound, not half of them, not a quarter of them, not a tenth of them. We have possibilities in sound which no man knows how to write on paper. If we take an orchestral score and reproduce it, just mechanically perfect, it will sound mechanical. It won't have the human element in it. Also there would be so much that the composer was trying to express, that he conceived but couldn't write down because of the limitations of notation [...]. One can see coming ahead a time when the musician who is a creator can create directly into TONE, not on paper. This is quite within the realm of possibility. That will come. Any frequency, any duration, any intensity he wants, any combinations of counterpoint, of harmony, of rhythm - anything can be done by that means and will be done. »
Source : Stokowski, Leopold (1932), "New Horizons in Music," Journal of the Acoustical Society of. America 4, issue 1A, July 1932, pp. 11-12.
Source : Manning, Peter (1985), "Electronic and computer music", Third edition, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

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