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1930 __ Transmission from Genova to Sydney — Sydney Town Hall lit from Genoa via Beam Wireless
Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937)
Comment : On march 26, 1930, from aboard the Elettra moored in the harbour of Genova, Guglielmo Marconi sent a signal that, after covering 14.000 miles, lighted Sydney townhall.The Italian pioneer of radio telegraphy Guglielmo Marconi, speaking from his 700-ton yacht, Elettra in Genoa, Italy, to an audience in Sydney, Australia. The yacht, purchased in 1919, was converted into a floating laboratory where he tested short-wave reception and transmission. By the end of the 1920s he had set up a worldwide system of short-wave stations.RADIO LIGHTS LAMPS 11,000 MILES AWAY; Marconi, Aboard Yacht at Genoa, Starts Current for Exposition at Sydney, Australia. TALKS OVER RADIOPHONE Reply, "Our Lights Are On," Tells of Success -- Mussolini Plans to Inspect Apparatus. All Have Chance to Listen 30 Years Since First Oceanic Signals. Sydney Reports Success. -- GENOA, March 26.--A notable event in the history of wireless communication took place today when Senator Guglielmo Marconi, nonchalantly sitting and swinging his legs on the edge of a table in the comfortable cabin of his yacht Electra, anchored in the harbor here, pressed a button on the table [...] (ARNALDO CORTESI. Wireless to THE NEW YORK TIMES, March 27, 1930, Thursday, p. 25)Sound Archive -- Speech by Marchese Guglielmo Marconi -- 5 minutes 48 seconds -- Speech made by Guglielmo Marconi on the occasion of the unveiling of the 'Fisk Memorial' at Wahroonga, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 14 December 1935. Label reads: "78rpm 50Hz; Voice of Marchese Marconi; Originally recorded 26.3.30 at Sydney; manufactured by M.S.S. Recording Co. Ltd., Colnbrook, Bucks., England." -- The 'Fisk Memorial' commemorates the first direct wireless message sent from the U.K. to Australia in 1918. -- The recording was incorrectly labelled as dating from 26 March 1930. On this date Marconi relayed through beam wireless from his yacht 'Elettra' in Genoa Harbour a switch that turned on the lights of Sydney Town Hall. On 29 March 1930 he transmitted a speech from the 'Elettra' which was amplified to an audience at Sydney Town Hall and others listening on wireless sets at home. -- Copyright in recording expired 1985. Copyright in speech expires 31 December 2007. -- CD-R (copied from 12" instantaneous disc at 78rpm) (. (Essex Sound and Video Archive)Well known is the event of 26th March 1930 when Marconi sent out, from his yacht in Genova, telegraphic impulses which switched on the lamps of the Town Hall in Sydney 17 000 km. On 12th October from Roma, Marconi illuminates the statue of the Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro by the same method. A triumphal journey of Marconi took place, around the world, in 1933-1934. On 2nd October 1933 the “Marconi Day” was celebrated in Chicago at which the great man was present, and signals were transmitted around the world, to rebound through his stations at New York, London, Roma, Bombay, Manila, Honolulu, San Francisco and Chicago, in 3 minutes and 25 seconds. (Compiled from various sources)Sydney Town Hall lit from Genoa via Beam Wireless -- One of the most spectacular wireless demonstrations of recent years was that achieved by the Marchese Marconi in collaboration with Mr. E. T. Fisk, on the occasion of the opening of the Radio and Electrical Exhibition at the Sydney Town Hall on March 26th, 1930. Aboard his yacht, the "Elettra," in Genoa Harbour, Marchese Marconi pressed a key,. and one-seventh of a second later a festoon of 3000 coloured lights blazed forth in the Sydney Town Hall. During the few weeks prior to this event, Amalgamated Wireless' and Marconi's engineers were in constant communication by wireless telephone. and every detail was scheduled. At the time fixed, Marconi was informed by a Beam message from the Sydney Town Hall that all was in readiness. He immediately depressed a switch, thereby transmitting the necessary signals from his yacht. These were received at the Marconi receiving station at Dorchester, England, passed by landline to the Beam station at Grimsby, England, and thence flashed round the world to Australia. The signals were received at Amalgamated Wireless' Beam station at Rockbank, Victoria, and thence conveyed by 600 miles of landline to the Sydney Town Hall. Up to this time the lighting in the Exhibition Hall was dim, but at the instant Marconi released his signals in the far away Italian Mediterranean, the switches operating 3000 lamps came into operation and the Sydney Town Hall was flooded with light. The success of the experiment was greeted vociferously by the large audience at the Town Hall. Marconi was at once notified by Beam Wireless of the successful lighting of the hall, and immediately replied, "Very best congratulations to all concerned." This experiment is one of many that have been conducted between Marchese Marconi in Europe and Mr. Fisk in Sydney. In 1918 Marconi transmitted to Mr. Fisk the first direct wireless message between England and Australia. In 1927 they established a direct Beam wireless service between Australia and Great Britain. (WIRELESS PROGRESS IN AUSTRALIA, published by A.W.A. organisation, 1930, p. 8)
French comment : Le 25 mars 1930 Marconi, du yacht Électre ancrée à Gênes, voie radio allume les lumières de l'exposition mondiale de Sydney en Australie à une distance de 22000 Kms. Il envoie un message de salut en même temps au peuple australien, message clairement perçu par la foule présente à l'inauguration.
Urls : http://spiderbites.nytimes.com/pay_1930/articles_1930_03_00001.html (last visited ) http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?DocID=870016 (last visited ) http://web.infinito.it/utenti/f/flaviano.moro/g_marconi2.htm (last visited ) http://oldkevspage.tripod.com/awa/index.html (last visited )

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