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1927 __ The first shortwave service
Comment : The Philips company began transmissions in 1927. This was the first shortwave service in Europe. (Barry Mishkind, “The Broadcast Archives”, [http://www.oldradio.com/ www.oldradio.com])[...] Several European nations [...] inaugurated shortwave services to colonial possessions beginning in the late 1920s. It was the first shortwave service that would provide new opportunities for the pormoters of sound recording technologies. The Netherlands was the first in 1927, followed by Germany (1929), France (1931), and Great Britain (1032). Shortwave service encouraged different operational procedures, since the audiences were typically located in other time zones. Thus the need for a reliable, economical sound recorder for shortwave service stimulated considerable experimentation. The two European systems in which magnetic tape recording was used most intensively in the 1930s were the BBC in Great Britain and the RRG in Germany. (David Morton)The small nation of Holland was one of the pioneers in international broadcasting. It began experimenting with shortwave to reach its colonies in the Dutch East Indies (later Indonesia) and the Dutch West Indies (Surinam and various Caribbean islands) in 1926. The effort was lead by Philips Laboratories, a private firm in Eindhoven. Station PCJJ took to the air in March 1927 on 9930 kHz, and was arguably the first station anywhere to offer a distinct shortwave service (as opposed to a simulcast of broadcast band programming, which was the practice of the U.S. shortwave stations). The station moved to Huizen in 1927, and a new colonial broadcasting company, N.NV Philips Omroep Holland-Indie (PHOHI), was established in nearby Hilversum. A new 40 kw. transmitter, PHI, went into operation in 1929, with PCJJ thereafter retaining more of an experimental, less disciplined character. (Jerome S. Berg)
Source : Morton, David (2000), "Off the record: the technology and culture of sound recording in America", New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, p. 54.
Source : Berg, Jerome S. (2008), "Broadcasting on the Short Waves, 1945 to Today", McFarland, p. 17.
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